Travel to Russia with Your Personal Guide & Driver in
Moscow Arthur Lookyanov
Travel to Russia with Your Private Guide and Professional Driver

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

The Kremlin's magnificent redbrick walls form an irregular triangle around Moscow's ancient citadel and are 2,235 meters in length, 19 meters high and up to 6.5 meters thick. They are topped with swallow-tailed crenellations and defended by 18 separate towers, most of which were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian architects Marco Ruffo, Pietro Antonio Solari and Alevisio Novi. The distinctive jade-green spires of the towers were added in the 17th century and their crowning ruby-red stars in 1937.

The most remarkable of all the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya (Saviour's) Tower, known as the Frolovskaya (St. Frol's) Tower until the 17th century, built in 1491 under the supervision of Pietro Antonio Solari. The gate has for centuries been the main official entrance to the Kremlin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spassky (Saviour's) Gate was used for ceremonial processions made by the Czar and the Patriarch and for meeting foreign ambassadors.

Right before the famous Spasskaya tower you can watch the newest and smallest tower on the Kremlin wall. This is the Tsarskaya (Tsar's) Tower - a small tent-like turret built on the wall between the Spasskaya (Savior's) and Nabatnaya Towers. The tower was erected in 1680, in the place of an older wooden tower from which the young Ivan the Terrible is rumored to have hurled dogs to their deaths and watched the executions taking place on the slope behind St. Basil's Cathedral. The tower was traditionally the vantage point from which the Tsars watched important events taking place on Red Square.

Photo taken on 2005-08-09 at 09:57:39

Random customer's Responses & Recommendations.
You are welcome to visit web site of Moscow Guide Arthur Lookyanov.
Eli Liebermann Eli Liebermann
From: USA
Date: 2012-04-09 12:08:10

Arthur was recommended to me by a friend who used his services before, but my actual experience with him surpassed my friend's recommendations and exceeded my expectations. Arthur posses the following attributes: Always on time, safe driver, knows Moscow's roads very well, very knowledgeable tour guide be it in a museum or outside at any of the numerous tourist attractions. Combine this with his excellent English, and his pleasant personality, and you get all the ingredients required for a perfect vacation in Moscow.

The city is magnificent, and with Arthur's help, you get to see it from many angles, both during the day and at his famous night tours which should not be missed.

He is also a professional quality amateur photographer and will provide you with a dossier of artful picture taken during the trip. Nothing but Kudos and Echolades