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Moscow Arthur Lookyanov
Travel to Russia with Your Private Guide and Professional Driver

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

The Kremlin's magnificent redbrick walls form an irregular triangle around Moscow's ancient citadel and are 2,235 meters in length, 19 meters high and up to 6.5 meters thick. They are topped with swallow-tailed crenellations and defended by 18 separate towers, most of which were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian architects Marco Ruffo, Pietro Antonio Solari and Alevisio Novi. The distinctive jade-green spires of the towers were added in the 17th century and their crowning ruby-red stars in 1937.

The most remarkable of all the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya (Saviour's) Tower, known as the Frolovskaya (St. Frol's) Tower until the 17th century, built in 1491 under the supervision of Pietro Antonio Solari. The gate has for centuries been the main official entrance to the Kremlin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spassky (Saviour's) Gate was used for ceremonial processions made by the Czar and the Patriarch and for meeting foreign ambassadors.

Right before the famous Spasskaya tower you can watch the newest and smallest tower on the Kremlin wall. This is the Tsarskaya (Tsar's) Tower - a small tent-like turret built on the wall between the Spasskaya (Savior's) and Nabatnaya Towers. The tower was erected in 1680, in the place of an older wooden tower from which the young Ivan the Terrible is rumored to have hurled dogs to their deaths and watched the executions taking place on the slope behind St. Basil's Cathedral. The tower was traditionally the vantage point from which the Tsars watched important events taking place on Red Square.

Photo taken on 2005-08-09 at 09:57:39

Random customer's Responses & Recommendations.
You are welcome to visit web site of Moscow Guide Arthur Lookyanov.
Steve Steve
From: Boston, Massachusetts USA
Date: 2006-12-20 15:29:33

Arthur is absolutely amazing. I was so lucky to discover his website as I was preparing for my first-ever trip to Russia. I read in detail all the recommendations from his other clients, and I studied his web site at length. It was clear he was a consummate professional, and after I emailed him with a few questions (that he replied to very quickly) I enthusiastically booked his services as follows: airport meeting/pick-up at Moscow’s SVO airport (flawless), three full days of driver/guide service throughout the city and countryside (comprehensive, well planned, and really fun!), a stunning Moscow Night Tour drive, and drop-off at SVO airport (where he came inside the airport and stayed with me until I was safely in the correct line, which would have been wildly confusing if I didn’t have the benefit of his help).

I can’t say enough good things about Arthur. His English is fantastic, he’s knowledgeable, professional, detail-oriented, customer-service focused beyond words, dependable, honest, friendly, and has a great sense of humor – I could go on and on but you get the idea. One thing that I particularly liked was the way he collected details about what I was interested in seeing and doing. Then, he added his own thoughts and recommendations and together we created a customized tour plan for each day that far exceeded all of my expectations. He also demonstrated a brilliant ability to adjust on the fly if I wanted to modify the plan—no request was too difficult for him. One thing really stands out: since I was traveling alone, Arthur even brought along his camera to take pictures of me as we were touring around so I could be in the pictures. That meant so much to me.

In short, Arthur’s enthusiasm for what he does—and for his country—made my trip memorable and magical. Hiring Arthur will make your next trip to Russia even more spectacular, and I give Arthur and his services the highest recommendation possible.

Thank You Arthur!