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Moscow Arthur Lookyanov
Travel to Russia with Your Private Guide and Professional Driver

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

The Kremlin's magnificent redbrick walls form an irregular triangle around Moscow's ancient citadel and are 2,235 meters in length, 19 meters high and up to 6.5 meters thick. They are topped with swallow-tailed crenellations and defended by 18 separate towers, most of which were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian architects Marco Ruffo, Pietro Antonio Solari and Alevisio Novi. The distinctive jade-green spires of the towers were added in the 17th century and their crowning ruby-red stars in 1937.

The most remarkable of all the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya (Saviour's) Tower, known as the Frolovskaya (St. Frol's) Tower until the 17th century, built in 1491 under the supervision of Pietro Antonio Solari. The gate has for centuries been the main official entrance to the Kremlin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spassky (Saviour's) Gate was used for ceremonial processions made by the Czar and the Patriarch and for meeting foreign ambassadors.

Right before the famous Spasskaya tower you can watch the newest and smallest tower on the Kremlin wall. This is the Tsarskaya (Tsar's) Tower - a small tent-like turret built on the wall between the Spasskaya (Savior's) and Nabatnaya Towers. The tower was erected in 1680, in the place of an older wooden tower from which the young Ivan the Terrible is rumored to have hurled dogs to their deaths and watched the executions taking place on the slope behind St. Basil's Cathedral. The tower was traditionally the vantage point from which the Tsars watched important events taking place on Red Square.

Photo taken on 2005-08-09 at 09:57:39

Random customer's Responses & Recommendations.
You are welcome to visit web site of Moscow Guide Arthur Lookyanov.
No photo available Stephen Carter
From: Bournemouth, UK
Date: 2003-09-25 15:34:50

I was in Moscow for two weeks on business. During this time I employed Arthur on a daily basis to take me to my numerous meetings around the city during the day as well as in the evening when I visited restaurants and bars. His knowledge of the city is excellent and he was able to find every address on time. He was always punctual and I found him pleasant and honest.

Using Arthur is much cheaper than using regular Moscow taxis which are very expensive and unreliable - on my previous trips to Moscow I used regular taxis and when I compared my expenses I found that using Arthur on a daily rate worked out cheaper than taking taxis. He is also a fun companion if you are travelling on your own. Highly recommended