Travel to Russia with Your Personal Guide & Driver in
Moscow Arthur Lookyanov
Travel to Russia with Your Private Guide and Professional Driver

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

The Kremlin's magnificent redbrick walls form an irregular triangle around Moscow's ancient citadel and are 2,235 meters in length, 19 meters high and up to 6.5 meters thick. They are topped with swallow-tailed crenellations and defended by 18 separate towers, most of which were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian architects Marco Ruffo, Pietro Antonio Solari and Alevisio Novi. The distinctive jade-green spires of the towers were added in the 17th century and their crowning ruby-red stars in 1937.

The most remarkable of all the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya (Saviour's) Tower, known as the Frolovskaya (St. Frol's) Tower until the 17th century, built in 1491 under the supervision of Pietro Antonio Solari. The gate has for centuries been the main official entrance to the Kremlin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spassky (Saviour's) Gate was used for ceremonial processions made by the Czar and the Patriarch and for meeting foreign ambassadors.

Right before the famous Spasskaya tower you can watch the newest and smallest tower on the Kremlin wall. This is the Tsarskaya (Tsar's) Tower - a small tent-like turret built on the wall between the Spasskaya (Savior's) and Nabatnaya Towers. The tower was erected in 1680, in the place of an older wooden tower from which the young Ivan the Terrible is rumored to have hurled dogs to their deaths and watched the executions taking place on the slope behind St. Basil's Cathedral. The tower was traditionally the vantage point from which the Tsars watched important events taking place on Red Square.

Photo taken on 2005-08-09 at 09:57:39

Random customer's Responses & Recommendations.
You are welcome to visit web site of Moscow Guide Arthur Lookyanov.
Pat Shuman Pat Shuman
From: Tacoma, Washington
Date: 2007-07-01 04:15:46

My aunt and I were on a tour of Russia but we had extra time to schedule as we pleased. We had heard about Sergiev Posad and Abramtsevo. We found Arthur on the Internet and scheduled with him to go to those places when we had a free day.
Arthur planned our day beautifully. He met us exactly when he said he would. He had arranged for local guides in both places and we were delighted with them. Not only is he a great driver/guide, but Arthur is a fun person with whom to spend a day. We were totally pleased with the way he took care of us and when I return to Russia I will definitely seek him out.