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Moscow Arthur Lookyanov
Travel to Russia with Your Private Guide and Professional Driver

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

Kremlin wall - Spasskaya Tower

The Kremlin's magnificent redbrick walls form an irregular triangle around Moscow's ancient citadel and are 2,235 meters in length, 19 meters high and up to 6.5 meters thick. They are topped with swallow-tailed crenellations and defended by 18 separate towers, most of which were built at the end of the 15th century by the Italian architects Marco Ruffo, Pietro Antonio Solari and Alevisio Novi. The distinctive jade-green spires of the towers were added in the 17th century and their crowning ruby-red stars in 1937.

The most remarkable of all the Kremlin towers is the Spasskaya (Saviour's) Tower, known as the Frolovskaya (St. Frol's) Tower until the 17th century, built in 1491 under the supervision of Pietro Antonio Solari. The gate has for centuries been the main official entrance to the Kremlin. In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spassky (Saviour's) Gate was used for ceremonial processions made by the Czar and the Patriarch and for meeting foreign ambassadors.

Right before the famous Spasskaya tower you can watch the newest and smallest tower on the Kremlin wall. This is the Tsarskaya (Tsar's) Tower - a small tent-like turret built on the wall between the Spasskaya (Savior's) and Nabatnaya Towers. The tower was erected in 1680, in the place of an older wooden tower from which the young Ivan the Terrible is rumored to have hurled dogs to their deaths and watched the executions taking place on the slope behind St. Basil's Cathedral. The tower was traditionally the vantage point from which the Tsars watched important events taking place on Red Square.

Photo taken on 2005-08-09 at 09:57:39

Random customer's Responses & Recommendations.
You are welcome to visit web site of Moscow Guide Arthur Lookyanov.
Ana (Gordana) Culig Miceta Ana (Gordana) Culig Miceta
From: Canada
Date: 2012-12-08 10:02:54

I spent two glorious months in Moscow this Fall and had it not been for Arthur my stay would not have been have as nice. He was professional, very knowledgable, friendly, a great, dependable driver and so pleasant to be with; I could not have wished for a better guide! I got to see much of the Moscow Oblast areas I wanted to see and with Arthur's guidance nothing was missed, he tied everything together expertly. Even the Moscow traffic was not so bad, Arthur new how to get the best of a bad traffic situation. His new jeep was warm and comfortable, his driving dependable, his knowledgable and friendly disposition a gift no doubt; and no matter how much you may have studied and think you know the place Arthur will surprise you. But most of all, he is a warm, genuine RUSSIAN. For most of us who are drawn to Russia, it is mainly a spiritual journey!
Thanks Arthur!